Cancer is a dreaded disease that can affect many parts of your body including lung. Lungs are two springy organs in the human chest that take in oxygen while inhaling and release carbon dioxide while exhaling.
Lung cancer is one of the leading death causes among women and men in the United States. It claims more lives than ovarian, colon, and prostate cancers combined.
Smokers are prone to lung cancer. If you are smoking, you can quit this habit to minimize the possibility significantly. However, non-smokers can also have this disease depending on a few factors. Family history and exposure to harmful chemicals and materials can cause lung cancer even if you are not smoking. In this article, we will discuss all the key causes of lung cancer.
Smoking is a leading cause of lung cancer. It causes around ninety percent of this cancer. Tobacco contains many harmful chemicals that affect your lung health. You can reduce the possibility to a great extent by quitting smoking. If you quit smoking, the risk will be less. However, the chances will be more than non-smokers. You can take a few conscious steps to reduce the risk that includes avoiding smoking and quit smoking.
Passive smoking is another leading cause of lung cancer. Even if you do not smoke, you can inhale the smoke through passing smoking. It happens when you share the space with smokers. For example, you can be affected if someone in your office smokes in your presence. Also, you will be directly affected if you share rooms with smokers.
According to the research reports, non-smokers who share the space with smokers have around twenty-four percent more chances of lung cancer compared to other nonsmokers. Around 7, 300 lung cancer deaths are caused by passing smoking every year in the United States. Take this number into account and avoid passive smoking both in your residence and office environments
Certain hazardous chemicals can be detrimental to your lung health. If you are working with arsenic, cadmium, uranium, chromium, petroleum, and nickel products, then you will come to the higher risk category of people. When you cannot avoid working with these harmful chemicals, talk to your employer to take some protective measures to minimize the risk.
You can also take the help of a doctor to know how to protect your heart while working in an unhealthy environment. However, it is suggested to avoid working in a harmful environment to protect your lungs and overall health.
Some specific lung diseases can lead to lung cancer. If you are suffering from chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, you have an increased risk of getting lung cancer. Therefore, it is always suggested to take care of your lung health to minimize the risk. If you have any lung disease, cure it fast to prevent the risk.
Particular pollution can affect the functionality of your lungs. You can inhale the tiny liquid and solid particles from the air. According to the study reports, these polluted air that you inhale can cause lung cancer. It is not about the outside air only. Your indoor air can be more polluted. So, take adequate steps to purify the indoor air. You can also work with your community people to clean the outdoor air. Air pollution is another leading cause of lung cancer.
The genetic factor can cause lung cancer as well. Even if you are taking all the precautions, you might not be able to prevent the condition especially when you have a family history of lung cancer. Family history can increase your risk significantly. In that condition, you will have to take extra caution to protect your lungs from cancer. Talk to your doctor and consider regular appointments.
Radon exposure can be deadly. It is the second-leading cause. Radon is an odorless and colorless radioactive gas. This gas exists in the soil and enters the houses through the cracks and gaps. The combination of radon exposure and smoking can increase the risk of lung cancer. Also, it is not easy to find out the exposure source as it exists in the soil. You can repair the cracks and gaps to reduce the possibility. In the case of any confusion, consider radon test to know the level of radon in your home. You can take preventive measures if you find the exposure level high.
These are a few possible causes of lung cancer. Also, there is not any definite and sure way to protect your lungs from cancer. However, you can minimize the risk. Avoid smoking and purify the air to minimize the risk in a great manner. If you have a family history of lung cancer, talk to the doctor from an early age. Also, if you experience any symptoms such as blood in cough, shortness of breath, and pain, visit your doctor straight away.